An Examination of the Differential Impact of Highway Capital Investment on Economically Disparate Appalachian Counties in the USA
The economic performance of Appalachian counties in the USA varies substantially across the region. The Appalachian Regional Commission has divided the 410 counties into four major categories: distressed, transitional, competitive, and attainment. This paper applies spatial models that account for spatial interdependence to evaluate the impact of Appalachian highways on economically disparate counties. Using a spatial autoregressive model in a production function framework, it is found that distressed counties gain from highways whereas competitive counties actually suffer from a negative backwash effect that tends to draw productive activity away from these counties into neighboring counties.
Islam, Samia. (2010). "An Examination of the Differential Impact of Highway Capital Investment on Economically Disparate Appalachian Counties in the USA". Transportation Planning & Technology, 33(5), 453-464.