Type of Culminating Activity

Graduate Student Project

Graduation Date


Degree Title

Master of Science in Cyber Operations and Resilience

Major Advisor

Sin Ming Loo, Ph.D.


Between February and June 2022, multiple wind energy sector companies were hit by cyber-attacks impacting their ability to monitor and control wind turbines. With projected growth in the United States of 110.66 GW from 2020 to 2030, wind energy will increasingly be a critical source of electricity for the United States and an increasingly valuable target for cyberattacks. This paper shows the importance of redundant remote communications, secure third-party providers, and improving response and recovery processes that would ensure this growth period fulfills its potential as a unique opportunity to build in cyber resilience from the outset of new installations as threats and risks to the sector increase.