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The current study attempts to bridge this gap in research between contextual factors and police use of force. It also deepens our understandings of the association between organizational factors and use of force by incorporating police training into the analytical model. Finally, this study expands prior research by including multiple police agencies in the sample, thus producing research findings that can be more easily generalized.

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This is an author-produced, peer-reviewed version of this article. The final, definitive version of this document can be found online at Policing: An International Journal of Police Strategies & Management, published by Emerald Group Publishing Limited. Copyright restrictions may apply. DOI: 10.1108/13639511011085088

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