Patterns of CaCO3 Deposition in the Eastern Tropical Pacific Ocean for the Last 150 kyr: Evidence for a Southeast Pacific Depositional Spike During Marine Isotope Stage (MIS) 2

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We constructed biogenic mass accumulation rate (MAR) time series for eastern Pacific core transects across the equator at ∼105° and ∼85°W and along the equator from 80° to 140°W. We used empirical orthogonal function (EOF) analysis to extract spatially coherent patterns of CaCO3 deposition for the last 150 kyr. EOF mode 1 (51% variance) is a CaCO3 MAR spike centered in marine oxygen isotope stage 2 (MIS 2) found under the South Equatorial Current. EOF mode 2 (19% of variance) is high north of the equator. EOF mode 3 (9% of variance) is an east-west mode centered along the North Equatorial Counter Current. The MIS 2 CaCO3 spike is the largest event in the eastern Pacific for the last 150 kyr: CaCO3 MARs are 2–3 times higher at 18 ka than elsewhere in the record, including MIS 6. It is caused by high CaCO3 production rather than minimal dissolution. EOF 2, while it resembles deep water flow patterns, nevertheless, shows coherence to Corg deposition and is probably also driven by CaCO3 production.