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Objective Doxorubicin (DOX) is a highly effective chemotherapeutic used to treat many adult and pediatric cancers. However, its use is limited due to a dose-dependent cardiotoxicity, which can lead to lethal cardiomyopathy. In contrast to the extensive research efforts on toxic effects of DOX in cardiomyocytes, its effects and mechanisms on cardiac extracellular matrix (ECM) homeostasis and remodeling are poorly understood. In this study, we examined the potential effects of DOX on cardiac ECM to further our mechanistic understanding of DOX-induced cardiotoxicity.

Results DOX-induced significant down-regulation of several ECM related genes in primary cardiac fibroblasts, including Adamts1, Adamts5, Col4a1, Col4a2, Col5a1, Fbln1, Lama2, Mmp11, Mmp14, Postn, and TGFβ. Quantitative proteomics analysis revealed significant global changes in the fibroblast proteome following DOX treatment. A pathway analysis using iPathwayGuide of the differentially expressed proteins revealed changes in a list of biological pathways that involve cell adhesion, cytotoxicity, and inflammation. An apparent increase in Picrosirius red staining indicated that DOX-induced an increase in collagen production in cardiac primary fibroblasts after 3-day treatment. No significant changes in collagen organization nor glycoprotein production were observed.

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Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.