The aim of this paper is to present a reflection on the class consciousness making process, according to the so-called “affective turn” perspective. The immediate área of study is the Basque Country, more specifically the Nervion River área of Bilbao, at the end of 19th century, when Socialist movements arose, developed, and became the working class movement main party. The explanatory purpose is to illustrate why Basque workers accepted socialist proposals, thus becoming class-conscious, and thus joining a working class movement. The main hypothesis is that class consciousness is an emotional construction.

About the Author

Sara Hidalgo García is an historian and currently PhD candidate at the University of Santiago de Compostela (Spain). Her research interest is the formation of class consciousness at the end of 19th century in the Basque Country, where she is from, and where she began her doctoral studies. She has found that when approaching the historical process, emotion plays a key role in historical analysis. She has expanded her studies to include several months researching at Duke University (USA). Currently she is awaiting her doctoral thesis defense.


  • Graduated in Contemporary History at Deusto University (2004-2008)
  • 2006-2007 at University of Helsinki (Erasmus Program)
  • Master Degree in Contemporary History at Basque Country University (2008-2009) -Currently PhD candidate at Santiago de Compostela University.