A Cladistic Analysis of Chloroplast DNA Restriction Site Variation and Morphology for the Genera of the Juglandaceae

James F. Smith, Boise State University
Jeff J. Doyle, Cornell University

This document was originally published by Botanical Society of America in American Journal of Botany. Copyright restrictions may apply. www.amjbot.org


The phylogenetic relationships of the genera of the Juglandaceae are examined with cladistic analyses of chloroplast DNA (cpDNA) restriction site variation and morphology. Rates of evolution of the chloroplast genome are slower than in many other groups of plants, enabling the entire genome to be utilized at the intergeneric level. The trees resulting from the two independent analyses were completely congruent. The combined analysis of the two data sets produced a tree completely congruent with the cladogram from the two data sets analyzed independently. The cladogram is compared with previous classifications, cladistic analyses, and fossil history for the family. Although the topology resulting from the cladistic analyses of this study was strongly congruent with previous estimates of relationships within the family, the fossil record indicates that the basal-most lineages in the cladistic trees arose later than the more terminal lineages. This reversed order of origin indicates that perhaps the rooting of the trees is erroneous.