A Preliminary Report on Test Excavations at Clover Creek (10-EL-22), King Hill, Idaho

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In the late 1970's archaeologists, under contract with the Bureau of Land Management, excavated a portion of the Clover Creek site (10-EL-22) located approximately 3 km east of King Hill, Idaho. Though project results were never published, the site is known to have produced evidence of prehistoric occupation including house floors, fish remains, and an extensive assemblage of Late Archaic materials. Butler (1982) analyzed a portion of the assemblage and interpreted the site to be a Fremont fishing station. Beyond Butler's interpretation, recent work within the riverine environment document considerable inter and intrasite variability, suggesting relatively extensive use of the Middle Snake area during the Late Archaic (Green 1982; Pavesic and Meatte 1980; Plew 1980,1981,1988, and Gould and Plew 1988).

In 1988, Boise State University conducted its annual field school at Clover Creek. Our research objectives included the following: (1) What was the nature and extent of fishing activity? (2) Was there evidence of a Fremont occupation of the locality? (3) What was the range of variation in material culture and features? How were these assemblages similar or different than others within the riverine environment? (4) When and for how long was the site occupied? (5) What was the functional and seasonal use of the locality, and did this vary over time?

This paper provides a narrative report of our investigations and a description of the material culture. To the extent possible, we summarize the findings relative to our research questions.

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