Publication Date

5-2015

Date of Final Oral Examination (Defense)

2-9-2015

Type of Culminating Activity

Dissertation - Boise State University Access Only

Degree Title

Doctor of Education in Curriculum and Instruction

Department

Counselor Education

Major Advisor

Diana M. Doumas, Ph.D.

Major Advisor

Roger Stewart, Ph.D.

Advisor

Bobbie A. Birdsall, Ph.D.

Advisor

Susan Esp, Ph.D.

Advisor

Aida Midgett, Ed.D.

Abstract

Comprised of three individual articles, this article-based dissertation investigates individual and combined interventions targeting alcohol use behaviors among 9th grade students. Chapter One provides an overview of the dissertation’s purpose along with a discussion of the development and evolution of the studies comprising the dissertation. Chapter Two examines the efficacy of a brief, web-based personalized feedback individual intervention from a 3-month to a 6-month follow-up. Findings demonstrated short-term treatment effects were not sustained at 6-month follow-up suggesting the need for a supplemental intervention, such as a parent-based intervention, to increase the effectiveness of the individual-based intervention. Chapter Three examines parental monitoring, parental disapproval of teen alcohol use, quality of alcohol-specific parent-child communication, and quality of general parent-child communication as predictors of adolescent alcohol use behaviors. Results indicated parental disapproval of teen alcohol use and quality of general parent-child communication were uniquely related to adolescent alcohol use. These findings were used to guide the development of a parent brochure designed to supplement the individual intervention assessed in Chapter Two. Chapter Four examines the efficacy of a brief, web-based personalized feedback program alone and in combination with the brief parent-based intervention brochure developed for 9th grade students. Participants were classified as drinkers or non-drinkers at baseline and follow-up assessments. At 3-month follow-up, results showed significant difference in drinking status, with significantly higher rates of drinkers for females classified as non-drinkers at baseline. This indicates significantly higher rates of drinking initiation for female participants in the control condition compared to the individual intervention and combined intervention conditions.

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