A History of the Seven Devils Mining District, 1884-1907

Publication Date


Type of Culminating Activity


Degree Title

Master of Arts in Secondary Education, History Emphasis


Curriculum, Instruction, and Foundational Studies

Major Advisor

Robert C. Sims


J. Patrick Bieter


G. Barrett


The mining frontier was undeniably a unique and essential aspect of America’s westward expansion. Ray Allen Billington writes, “…Instead of advancing from east to west, the mining frontier moved from west to east in a series of trusts that left islands of wilderness between the new communities….”1 Rodman Paul suggests:

…It is more accurate to think of the mining West as constituting a series of frontiers, sometimes successive, sometimes widely separated geographically and chronologically, rather than a single entity. In each an improvement in transportation, a growth of towns, stores, and population, and a decreasing danger and hardship coupled with a rapid engrossing of the known mineral deposits, presently removed the justification for the term ‘frontier’….The gain was not always permanent.2

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