A rural county with a high Hispanic population showed small disproportionate minority contact (citation or arrest) in initial analysis of federally required Disproportionate Minority Confinement studies but closer examination of a random sample of all juveniles arrested in 2000 showed that a subtle but significant disparity still existed when a more detailed examination was conducted. While overt discrimination did not appear to be extreme, stereotypes still negatively influenced Hispanic/Law Enforcement relations at various levels and Hispanics were still over represented in contacts and confinement. Three areas were examined that may explain/inform these lingering disparity issues: Cultural, Economic and Structural factors.
Patrick, Steven and Marsh, Robert. (2007). "Beneath the Surface: Juvenile Adjudication Disparity in a Rural County". Journal of Ethnicity in Criminal Justice, 5(1), 27-42. http://dx.doi.org/10.1300/J222v05n01_02