Applying the "Congruence" Principle of Bloom's Taxonomy to Designing Online Instruction

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Bloom and his colleagues developed the taxonomy of educational objectives in 1936, and 45 years later a group of psychologists and educators revised the one-dimensional taxonomy lo a two-dimensional taxonomy, The developers of the taxonomy theorized that the taxonomy of educational objectives could be used with any subject matter and for any levels of learners. However, little has been written about how the taxonomy can be effectively used in designing asynchronously-delivered online instruction. We have found that the taxonomy is an effective guideline for designing graduate-level online instruction, because it helped us maintain the congruence among instructional components. In this article, we present a case study that explains how the use of the taxonomy of educational objectives was instrumental in the development of graduate-level online instruction.

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