A mathematical model of the electrophotographic printing process has been developed. This model can be used for analysis. From this a print simulation process has been developed to simulate the effects of the model components on toner particle placement. A wide variety of simulated prints are produced from the model's three main inputs, laser spread, charge to toner proportionality factor and toner particle size. While the exact placement of toner particles is a random process, the total effect is not. The effect of each model parameter on the ISO 13660 print quality attributes line width, fill, raggedness and blurriness is described.
Barney Smith, Elisa H.. (2010). "Relating Electrophotographic Printing Model and IS013660 Standard Attributes". Proceedings of SPIE, . http://dx.doi.org/10.1117/12.841770