Surface plasmon enhanced second harmonic generation in gold grating slabs was investigated. The efficiency is analyzed with respect to the phase matching at the fundamental and the second harmonic frequencies. A classical electromagnetic model was developed under the weak nonlinearity approximation and solved by the finite element method. The measured zeroth order transmitted second harmonic intensity was found to be in quantitative agreement with numerical results. It is shown experimentally and numerically that proper phase matching at both frequencies improves the second harmonic efficiency.
Luong, Ngoc; Cheng, Cheng-Wen; Shih, Min-Hsiung; and Kuang, Wan. (2012). "Phase Matching for Surface Plasmon Enhanced Second Harmonic Generation in a Gold Grating Slab". Applied Physics Letters, 100(18), 181107. http://dx.doi.org/10.1063/1.4710546