The current study attempts to bridge this gap in research between contextual factors and police use of force. It also deepens our understandings of the association between organizational factors and use of force by incorporating police training into the analytical model. Finally, this study expands prior research by including multiple police agencies in the sample, thus producing research findings that can be more easily generalized.
Lee, Hoon; Jang, Hyunseok; Yun, Ilhong; Lim, Hyeyoung; and Tushaus, David W.. (2010). "An Examination of Contextual and Organizational Factors Influencing Police Use of Force: A Multilevel Model". Policing: An International Journal of Police Strategies & Management, 33(4), 681-702. http://dx.doi.org/10.1108/13639511011085088