A novel method, based on differential arrival times of diffractions from the core-mantle boundary, swiftly scans for seismic velocity anomalies in the crust and mantle below an array of seismometers. The method is applied to data from the USArray and the large-scale structural features in the western United States are resolved. High lateral resolution is achieved, but structure is averaged over depth. As such, this method is complementary to surface-wave and tomographic body-wave methods, where averaging takes place in the lateral sense. Processing and data-volume requirements involved are minimal. Therefore, this method can be applied during the early stages of array deployment, before the necessary data is acquired to obtain accurate inversion images. The quick scanner can be used to identify features of interest, upon which the array could be refined.
Ruigrok, Elmer; Mikesell, T. Dylan; and van Wijk, Kasper. (2012). "Scanning for Velocity Anomalies in the Crust and Mantle with Diffractions from the Core-Mantle Boundary". Geophysical Research Letters, 39L11301. http://dx.doi.org/10.1029/2012gl051443