Drawing on folksongs written since the 16th century, I show women and girls in Basque song exhibit more agency and a wider variety of emotional stances than the secondary, “traditional” roles usually ascribed them. They negotiate potential mates; drink instead of work; and seek the pleasure of men other than their husbands. While the meanings of these songs are multi-vocal and sometimes difficult to discern, I argue that deliberation over these songs’ meanings enriches our understanding of Basque culture and the role of song in producing and contesting it.
"(En)gendering Basque Culture: Musical Notes from the Archives,"
BOGA: Basque Studies Consortium Journal:
1, Article 2.
Available at: http://scholarworks.boisestate.edu/boga/vol2/iss1/2