Child Parent Characteristics in Relation to Body Image

Document Type

Student Presentation

Presentation Date

April 2016

Faculty Sponsor

Jennifer Weaver


In this study researchers examined the underlying factors that contributed to poor self-image in grade six including parenting styles, emotional expressiveness within the home, and positive/negative relationships. Data was collected from a longitudinal study of 1,364 children and their families in the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD) Study of Early Child Care and Youth Development. The analysis included a number of predicting factors that contributed to healthy eating habits, unhealthy eating habits, reported verses ideal height difference, reported verses ideal weight difference, and overall physical self-image. Parenting styles and positive relationships at grade four were found to be predictors of healthy eating habits in girls and unhealthy eating habits in boys at grade six, but not overall body image. Level of depression at grade four and BMI at grade five was the best predictors of physical self-image at grade six. Further research is needed in order to examine how these predictors interact and affect one another and how children’s perception of judgement affects their ideal body image.

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