The Archaeological Occurrence of Bison on the Snake River Plain
This article documents the archaeological occurrence of bison (Bison bison) on the Snake River Plain. Evidence from thirty-two Paleoindian and Archaic sites suggests that use of bison occurred on the western and eastern Plain. Sites reflect a variety of local environments and activities. The presence of bison, though relatively common in Late Archaic contexts, does not suggest that bison were depended upon as a major resource. Contrary to Butler s (1978) assertion that bison use decreased during the Late Archaic period, it appears that bison hunting was relatively more common in the later prehistory of the Plain.
Plew, Mark G. and Sundell, Taya. (2000). "The Archaeological Occurrence of Bison on the Snake River Plain". North American Archaeologist, 21(2), 119-137. http://dx.doi.org/10.2190/Y9XE-YTA4-RP20-XC3W